Another inquiry is to begin next month after up to 20 Iraqis were tortured and murdered in British custody in 2004.
British soldiers detained a number of men after a gun battle in southern Iraq known as the “Battle of Danny Boy”. The next day, they handed 22 bodies to relatives.
Evidence of torture includes close-range bullet wounds, the removal of eyes and stab wounds. The death certificates describe how the Iraqis died: “Several gunshot wounds to body—severance of sexual organs.”
The Court of Appeal is considering whether to order a third inquiry into the military’s entire detention and interrogation policy.
This comes after it heard arguments on behalf of more than 150 men. They allege that the British army systematically tortured them in south east Iraq between 2003 and 2008.
This includes 59 cases of detainees being hooded, 11 of electric shocks, 122 of sound deprivation and 52 of sleep deprivation.
There are a further 131 cases of sight deprivation, 39 of enforced nakedness and 18 of being kept awake by pornographic DVDs.
Ministry of Defence lawyers have conceded that the individual allegations “raise an arguable case of breach of Article 3” of the European Convention on Human Rights.
Many complaints centre on a secretive facility known as the Joint Forces Interrogation Team (JFIT).